By Cicle Health on 28 Nov, 2022

The term "dyspareunia" refers to persistent pain experienced during sexual activity in the pelvis or around the genitalia. The discomfort may be severe or acute. It can happen prior to, during, or following sexual activity. Women are more likely than men to have dyspareunia. Although there are numerous potential causes, it is treatable.

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Causes of dyspareunia

Dyspareunia is a common problem for women, and it can be caused by many different things. Here are five of the most common causes of dyspareunia, and what you can do to try to treat them.

Vaginismus: Vaginismus is a condition in which the woman cannot relax her vaginal muscles completely. This can cause pain during intercourse.

Pelvic floor inflammation: Pelvic floor inflammation can also cause pain during intercourse. This is caused by an overactive bladder, pelvic inflammatory disease, or other conditions that affect the pelvic area.

Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue that normally lines the uterus (endometrium) moves outside the uterus. This can cause pain during intercourse.

Pelvic floor dysfunction: Pelvic floor dysfunction can cause pain during intercourse because it can lead to increased pressure on the pelvic floor muscles.

Uterine prolapse: Uterine prolapse is a condition in which the uterus falls down into the vagina. This can cause pain during intercourse.

Symptoms of dyspareunia

If it hurts during sex, you can feel:

  • Sharp pain during penetration or at entry.
  • Deep pain during exertion.
  • Strong throbbing or pain after sex.
  • Pain accompanied by burning.
  • pelvic cramping.
  • Tightness or spasm in the muscles.

Dyspareunia is common in females. Dyspareunia is one of the most common problems faced by women after menopause.

You are at higher risk if you:

The misconceptions

Many women avoid talking about pain during sex. They think this is normal, but it is not. Pain during sex can indicate a bigger problem. Research shows that many women who experience pain during sex do not tell her partners about it or see a doctor to stop the pain.


The doctor or health care provider will diagnose a dyspareunia through thorough health history and physical tests. The pelvis, abdomen, vagina and uterus are examined.

Health care providers may perform the following tests to determine the cause of the pain:

Physiological Exam:-

In this, you can do pelvic exam, rectal exam and pap test. Your healthcare provider will look for signs of infection. They can also take a sample of vaginal fluid and urine to test.

Ultrasound :-

Transvaginal ultrasound can get a better image of the female reproductive system.


In some cases, a laparoscopy is used once the test results are correct.


There is no specific prevention for dyspareunia, but you can reduce the risk of pain during sex

These are some measures you can take:

  • Are taking medicines that cause dryness in the vagina.
  • You have a Viral or bacterial infection.

Dyspareunia effect on pregnancy and periods

If dyspareunia is caused by fibroids in the uterus or ectopic pregnancy, then the periods can be affected.

When to go to the doctor?

If you feel pain during sex, bleeding gums, genital sores, irregular periods, vaginal discharge. If you are seeing the symptoms of muscle contraction, then contact the doctor immediately. After that go to a certified sex counselor or therapist.

Dyspareunia and Diet

If hormonal changes are one of the reasons for dyspareunia, then the doctor may also suggest a better diet. But diet alone is not enough to cure dyspareunia. It is necessary to get treatment from the doctor.

Why choose Cicle ?

We at Cicle can help with the diagnosis and treatment of Vagina dryness. All you have to do is contact our health coach and an appointment with a doctor will be made. To book an appointment with a doctor, click here

Our goal Is to provide the best medical services to our patients.

Call us today to book an Appointment.

  • Wait at least six weeks before starting sex after the baby is born.
  • If there is a problem of vaginal dryness, use a water-based lubricant
  • Take care of hygiene.
  • Go for routine check up
  • Prevent sexually transmitted infections (STDs) by using condoms or other protection.
  • Use natural lubrication with enough time for foreplay and stimulation.

Our goal Is to provide the best medical services to our patients.

Call us

today to book an Appointment.


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