What is PCOS?

What is PCOS?

There are so many myths that surround PCOS because of lack of adequate information. Some people believe that PCOS affect those who have had abortions done before, some believe PCOS affects only women that are over weight, some even say that you canno

27 Jul, 2022

There are so many myths that surround PCOS because of lack of adequate information. Some people believe that PCOS affect those who have had abortions done before, some believe PCOS affects only women that are over weight, some even say that you cannot get pregnant if you have PCOS. All these are false and shouldn't be spread, as it does more danger than good.

What really is PCOS?

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that is quite common amongst women of reproductive age. The exact cause is unknown, but PCOS occurs when the ovaries develop a number of small cysts, or fluid-filled sacs, on their ovaries. These cysts are not harmful, but they cause an imbalance in hormone level. Women with PCOS may have irregular or even missed periods. Early diagnosis is essential to fight this hormonal disorder—as it can be managed with medication, lifestyle changes and a positive outlook to life.

 There is one test in isolation that can determine the presence of PCOS, but it can be diagnosed after a series of tests, scan and physical examination if left untreated, PCOS may lead to infertility—fret not, you can totally be in control of the situation.

RISK FACTORS

Genetics play a role in having PCOS. People whose family member suffers from PCOS are more likely to develop it than those without any family link to PCOS

People with insulin resistance are likely to develop PCOS —as there is no regulation of sugar in the body, which makes the pancreas to go over drive secreting excess insulin.

Asides risk factors, there are associated heath risk to having PCOS which includes;

  • Infertility
  • High blood pressure
  • Obesity
  • depression
  • high cholesterol etc

All the aforementioned can lead to other health issues, so PCOS has to be detected and treated early.

SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT

There is no known cure for this disorder, but treatment helps manage the symptoms. Some of these symptoms includes;

  • Pain in the pelvic region
  • Acne
  • high blood pressure
  • infertility
  • Excessive facial and body hair growth, also known as (Hirsutism)
  • Painful menses

  Treatment depends on each patient. Some recommended treatments includes:

  • Your doctor recommending birth control pills. They helps to regulate menstruation and hormones.
  • Your doctor recommending Fertility treatments like IVF or artificial insemination
  • Your doctor drilling tiny holes into the ovaries to reduce the levels of androgens being produced
  • Your doctor draining fluid from the Cyst
  • Your doctor removing one or both ovaries
  • Your doctor removing part or all the uterus

CONCLUSION

Since the causes of PCOS are unclear, early diagnosis can help relieve symptoms and reduce the risk of complications. Anyone who might have symptoms of PCOS should see a doctor immediately.