Reasons For PCOS

Reasons For PCOS

Although the exact cause of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is yet unknown, it is thought to be related to hormone levels. The pancreas produces the hormone insulin to control blood sugar levels.

8 Aug, 2022

Although the exact cause of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is yet unknown, it is thought to be related to hormone levels.

Resistance to insulin

  • The pancreas produces the hormone insulin to control blood sugar levels. It facilitates the movement of blood glucose into the cells, where it is metabolized to provide energy.
  • Insulin resistance describes the bodily tissues' resistance to the effects of insulin. The body has to produce extra insulin to make up for this.
  • High insulin levels trigger the ovaries to overproduce testosterone, which interferes with healthy follicle growth and ovulation. Follicles are the sacs in the ovaries where eggs develop.
  • In addition, weight gain brought on by insulin resistance may make PCOS symptoms worse.
  • Weight gain can worsen PCOS symptoms because having more fat encourages the body to produce more insulin. Insulin resistance most times lead to weight gain.

GENETICS

  • Genetics can cause PCOS to run in families. If any of your family have PCOS, you have an increased risk of developing it yourself. This suggests that the condition may have a hereditary component, even though specific genes linked to PCOS have not yet been identified.

HORMONE IMBALANCE

    Many women with PCOS have been shown to have hormonal imbalances, including those in the following areas

  • Low levels of sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), a protein in the blood that binds to testosterone and lessens its effect, increased levels of testosterone. Increased levels of luteinizing hormone (LH), which promotes ovulation but, if levels are too high, may have an inappropriate effect on the ovaries.
  • These changes in hormone levels have no known reason. The ovaries, other glands that produce these hormones, or the region of the brain that controls their production have all been suggested as potential sources of the problem.