Premenstrual Syndrome

Premenstrual Syndrome

The wide range of physical and psychological symptoms that women encounter before to their period are referred to as PMS. The symptoms are most likely caused by normal variations in hormone levels, particularly those of progesterone and estrogen in t

5 Aug, 2022

The wide range of physical and psychological symptoms that women encounter before to their period are referred to as PMS. The symptoms are most likely caused by normal variations in hormone levels, particularly those of progesterone and estrogen in the week or two prior to menstruation. Following ovulation, the levels of estrogen and progesterone sharply decline. This might significantly contribute to the emergence of PMS symptoms. Mild to severe PMS symptoms can be experienced. Some people get periods without ever showing any signs of PMS. However, for some people, PMS symptoms can considerably impair their capacity to carry out daily tasks and even degrade their quality of life.

PMS symptoms and signs

  • Tension or anxiety
  • Headache
  • Crying spells
  • Joint or muscle pain
  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain
  • Depression
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Breast tenderness
  • Mood swings and agitation
  • Acne
  • Constipation or diarrhea

Some people's physical discomfort and emotional stress are so severe that it interferes with their daily life. Regardless of the severity of the symptoms, most women's signs and symptoms go away four days following the start of their menstrual cycle. PMS is mostly brought on by changes in hormones and brain chemistry.

Hormones Changes. Premenstrual syndrome symptoms and signs alter with hormonal changes and go away throughout pregnancy and menopause.

Changes in brain chemistry. PMS symptoms may be brought on by fluctuations in serotonin, a brain chemical (neurotransmitter) known to be vital to mood states. Premenstrual depression, exhaustion, food cravings, and sleep issues may all be brought on by low serotonin levels.

Pms is a normal aspect of a woman's menstrual cycle. But there are severe cases of PMS that causes depression and suicidal thoughts. See your doctor if your symptoms prevents you from going through the day