Understanding Vaginal  Cyst

Understanding Vaginal Cyst

Vaginal cysts are lumps that resemble sacs and are filled with liquid, air, or another substance. Vaginal cysts are typically innocuous and painless.

10 Oct, 2022

Vaginal cysts are lumps that resemble sacs and are filled with liquid, air, or another substance. Vaginal cysts are typically innocuous and painless. Usually, the cysts have different sizes; some are too small to notice, while others may be as large as an orange. Several things could cause vaginal cysts. Injuries sustained during childbirth, a buildup of fluid in the vagina, and the presence of benign tumors in the vagina are some of the main causes of cysts.

Symptoms of vaginal Cyst

Most times, Vaginal Cysts do not have any symptoms aside have a lump in your vagina. It shouldn't hurt to have a cyst. However, certain larger cysts, particularly those in the Bartholin's gland, can be uncomfortable when you move, engage in sexual activity, or use a tampon.

When cysts get infected, they are more likely to hurt. Normal skin bacteria or a sexually transmitted illness can both cause vaginal cysts to become infected. Vaginal cysts that are infected can develop an abscess, a pus-filled mass that can be excruciatingly painful.

Causes of Vaginal Cysts

Vaginal cysts typically develop when a clogged gland or duct allows fluids or another substance to gather inside. The type of vaginal cyst determines its cause. Injury to the vaginal walls is the main cause of inclusion cysts. Women may develop an inclusion cyst, for instance, following an episiotomy (a surgical cut used to widen the vaginal entrance during childbirth) or following procedures that harm the vaginal lining.

Treatment of vaginal Cysts

Your doctor will discuss various treatments with you and you will both choose the best treatment for you. Never try to remove or squeeze the cysts because it can be infectious. Some treatment for vaginal Cysts are:

Sitz Bath

By having a sitz bath, you can ease the discomfort caused by vaginal cysts. Sitting in a warm bath of water multiple times a day is known as a sitz bath. For three to four days, you might have to repeat the process. Small vaginal cysts may rupture and leak their contents if you take warm baths frequently. It's possible that you won't need to see a doctor once the cysts empty.


If the Cysts are infected, the doctor will give you antibiotics. Additionally, if you have a sexually transmitted infection, antibiotics are the best option. However, antibiotics might not be essential if your gynecologist is able to completely drain the vaginal cyst.

Surgical Draining

A small tube is used to remove fluid, which is called catheter, is inserted into the cyst

If your vaginal cyst is large or infected, surgical drainage is very necessary. To relieve pain, your gynecologist will apply local anesthetic. During surgical drainage, the cyst is punctured and its contents are drained. The doctor could insert a little rubber tube into the incision after cyst drainage to make sure the cyst drains completely. It might be required to keep the rubber tube in place for several weeks in order to completely drain the cyst.