Bartholin Cyst: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Bartholin Cyst: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

What is Bartholin cyst? Bartholin cyst is a benign tumor that is located on the Bartholin’s gland. This gland is located just behind the clitoris, on either side of the vaginal opening.

20 Sep, 2022

What are Bartholin cysts?

  • What is Bartholin cyst? Bartholin cyst is a benign tumor that is located on the Bartholin’s gland. This gland is located just behind the clitoris, on either side of the vaginal opening. The Bartholin’s gland is a small, thin gland that produces oil and sweat. What are the causes of Bartholin cyst? There is no one definitive answer to this question. However, a number of factors may contribute to the development of Bartholin cyst: a birth defect, exposure to certain chemicals or radiation, or a disorder in the hormone production pathway.

What are the symptoms of Bartholin cyst?

 The symptoms of Bartholin cyst vary depending on the size and location of the tumor. In general, however, symptoms may include:

  • A swollen vagina
  • A painful gland
  • Discharge from the gland
  • difficulty urinating
  • Pain during sex

How are Bartholin cysts diagnosed?

  • Bartholin cyst is a benign cyst that is located in the Bartholin gland. Bartholin cyst is most commonly found in women and is not considered a cancer. Bartholin cyst is a collection of fluid that may increase in size over time.

A Bartholin's cyst may be identified by your doctor by:

  • Inquire about your medical background
  • Make a pelvic examination
  • Get a sample of your vaginal or cervix secretions to check for a sexually transmitted infection
  • If you are postmenopausal or older than 40, I would advise to have a biopsy done to look for malignant cells in the mass

Causes of Bartholin cyst

  • Bartholin cysts are benign growths on the Bartholin’s gland, a small gland located just in front of the vaginal opening. They are often painless, but can enlarge and cause discomfort. Bartholin cysts can usually be treated with antibiotics and often go away without any treatment. However, Bartholin cysts that are not treated can grow and eventually cause problems, such as cyst rupture or discharge
  • There are many causes of Bartholin cysts, but the most common is genetics. Bartholin cysts can also develop during pregnancy, after childbirth, or during the early stages of menopause. Other causes include HPV, endocrine disorders, and the use of certain medications
  • Most Bartholin cysts can be treated without surgery, but if the cyst is large or near the vaginal opening, surgery may be necessary
  • What are the treatments for Bartholin cyst? There is no single definitive treatment for Bartholin cyst. Treatment may include surgery to remove the tumor, radiation therapy, or hormonal therapy

Conclusion

  • Bartholin cyst is a common benign cyst found on the skin of the Bartholin's gland.The cause of Bartholin cyst is unknown but it is thought to be due to a problem with the ducts that drain the gland. Bartholin cyst most commonly affects women in their 40s and 50s, but can also occur in younger women.